Energy Conservation

To save energy on your home is using common sense. Heat leakage is the worst enemy

Tips on Energy Conservation


There is a great enemy living and hibernating in your attic. The enemy thrives on moisture.
The most common problem in the attic is ventilation. The building code claims that you should have continuous ventilation in you attic with out blockage.
Most homes don't have proper ventilation in their attic. Furthermore not enough insulation in most cases heat is escaping through the roof might as well heat the outdoors not counting on how much heat is wasted

Let's start with the attic trap door. You should apply a weather strip all around perimeter of trap door 20% or you heat escapes through that trap door. Eliminate by sealing any crevices you see. If you have wood trim on ceiling around trapdoor apply a latex silicone caulking (alec) will do, on the top surface of attic door then apply 6" Styrofoam glued on.

In the attic at all eaves Rake Back insulation away from the eaves than apply a polystyrene air baffle between every trusses stapled on with a stapler sitting on top plate of walls. This will enhance ventilated air flow continuous from end to end and this will help prevent ice damming in winter months.

Vacuum up any blown insulation in the soffit cavity which can be a nice and warm bed for raccoons squirrels birds. Also to improve air flow.

In the attic you should have no less than 13" of blown insulation which gives you an r-value of 55 same with insulation bats

Check all roof vents for crevices or light. A good way to check it out is from the attic if you see natural light you will need to seal from above by going on the roof. (Please have someone hold ladder at bottom when going up ladder). Once on roof with safety in mind always check for roofing nail heads exposed apply a roofing bitumen and cover.

Top Floor of you Dwelling:

Apply gaskets on all electrical outlets interior and exterior walls. These can be purchased from you local hardware store. Caulk all top edges of baseboards and quarter round. All around window casements on windows and doors.

Check for air leakage at windows and seal. Lift up all heat grills and apply caulking bitumen around duct work openings.

Not too many home owners know this but if you look inside your bathroom vanities where drain for sink going into wall check around pipe for air leakage if present fill cracks with low expansion insulation foam.

Main floor:

Do the same as upstairs;
Check backdoors or side including main entrance making sure there's is adequate weather stripping.
Check all windows for air leakage and seal
Check under sink drain pipe for air leakage.


Most air leakage in the basement is through the windows most windows are made of aluminum frame with single pane glass sliders. If you can't afford better windows apply a 6 mil clear plastic taped on to prevent heat escaping, also in the summer when air conditioner is on.

Check all pipes going through foundation for exhaust to the outside. Apply low expansion foam on all crevices and apply caulking on the outside if needed.

Hot water lines:

If accessible apply insulated pipe wrap on all hot copper lines from top of hot water tank as far as you can go.

Tape all heat ducts runs with aluminum tape at all joints around furnace especially any seams you see.

By doing all the above you will save 30% on you utilities bills per year. Good way to save for a holiday.

Handiman4u says go for it!!


Replace your windows and doors if needed with energy star brand windows. If windows are bad, start by changing the windows on the north side first year.
If your front entrance doors are more than 20 years old it would be a good time to replace them with new doors.